What is the 7-5-3-1 rule for equity SIP?

Investing in the stock market can be a rewarding yet complex journey, especially for those looking to build wealth over the long term. Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) have gained popularity as a disciplined way to invest in mutual funds. Among various SIP strategies, the 7-5-3-1 rule stands out as a methodical approach to equity SIP, offering a structured way to allocate funds and manage risk. Let’s delve into the details of the 7-5-3-1 rule and understand how it can be a valuable tool for investors.

Understanding the 7-5-3-1 Rule:

The 7-5-3-1 rule is a strategic allocation guideline for investors engaging in equity SIPs. It suggests dividing your investment amount into four parts, each representing a different percentage of your total investment. Here’s a breakdown of the rule:

  1. 70% Allocation to Large-Cap Funds (7): The first segment recommends allocating 70% of your SIP investment to large-cap equity funds. Large-cap funds invest in stocks of well-established and financially stable companies. These companies typically have a proven track record and are considered less volatile than mid and small-cap stocks. This allocation provides stability and helps mitigate risks associated with market fluctuations.
  2. 50% Allocation to Diversified Funds (5): The second segment suggests allocating 50% of your investment to diversified equity funds. Diversified funds spread their investments across various sectors and market capitalizations, providing a balanced exposure to different segments of the market. This allocation aims to capture growth opportunities in mid-cap and small-cap stocks while maintaining a level of diversification to manage risk.
  3. 30% Allocation to Mid-Cap Funds (3): The third segment advises allocating 30% of your SIP investment to mid-cap equity funds. Mid-cap stocks represent companies with a moderate market capitalization, often with significant growth potential. While they come with higher volatility compared to large-cap stocks, the 30% allocation allows investors to tap into the growth opportunities offered by dynamic mid-sized companies.
  4. 10% Allocation to Small-Cap Funds (1): The final segment suggests allocating 10% of your investment to small-cap equity funds. Small-cap stocks belong to companies with relatively small market capitalization, offering high growth potential but also higher risk. The 10% allocation aims to provide exposure to emerging businesses and niche sectors while managing the associated volatility.

Benefits of the 7-5-3-1 Rule:

  1. Diversification: The rule emphasizes diversification across large, mid, and small-cap segments, spreading risk and capturing growth potential from various sectors.
  2. Risk Management: By allocating a significant portion to stable large-cap funds, the rule helps manage overall portfolio risk, especially during market downturns.
  3. Growth Opportunities: The strategic allocation to mid and small-cap funds ensures that investors participate in the potential high returns offered by dynamic and emerging companies.
  4. Disciplined Investing: Following a structured allocation plan helps investors stay disciplined and avoid impulsive decisions based on market fluctuations.


The 7-5-3-1 rule offers a thoughtful and systematic approach to equity SIP, catering to investors with varying risk appetites. While it provides a framework, it’s essential for investors to conduct thorough research, stay updated on market trends, and review their portfolio periodically to ensure alignment with their financial goals. By adopting this rule, investors can navigate the complexities of the stock market with a well-balanced and strategic investment approach.

Read this also >> Best SIP Mutual Funds Plans to Invest for 5 Years in 2024

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Akhilesh Singh

I'm Akhilesh Singh, a versatile blogger exploring diverse topics. My goal is to impart valuable insights and knowledge to my readers, fostering an informative and engaging online community.

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